The Apostle's Creed is the most recognized and most quoted of all the creeds in the Christian church. This video from Ryan Reeves gives a short history of the creed.
Books based on the Apostle's Creed:
What Christians Ought to Believe: An Introduction to Christian Doctrine Through the Apostles Creed by Michael Bird
Affirming The Apostle's Creed by J.I. Packer
What We Believe: Understanding and Confessing the Apostles' Creed by R.C. Sproul